symptoms of schizophrenia

Positive symptoms of Schizophrenia

Positive symptoms of Schizophrenia are mentioned below:-

Behavior changes

It is the most common positive schizophrenia symptoms that are added by the disorder and which are not normally found in a healthy person such as agitation. This is a state of increased irritability and tension.


is also a positive schizophrenia symptoms that includes visual auditory and olfactory, which means smell gustatory taste and tactile feel. Hallucinations most of which is auditory, hallucinations in which the person hears voices that are not there. It is also the most serious one as the voices are usually commanding hallucinations which means it can compel them to act in violent acts such as hurting themselves or others and they think they are obligated to obey the voices.

Disorganized thinking 

Persons with these positive symptoms of schizophrenia lose the ability to track their thoughts and conversations. They may start talking about one topic and end with another topic or respond to questions with irrelevant answers. Some forms of disorganized thinking or speech are:


This is making up words or phrases that only have meaning to the schizophrenic individual who created them playing which means talking and rhymes even if it doesn’t mean anything. Read more about it here


Perseveration means repeating the same word or statements again and again.

Loose associations

Which means quickly changing the topics with no links between one thought to the next one

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Negative symptoms of Schizophrenia

negative symptoms of schizophrenia

These are the abilities that are lacking or missing and schizophrenic individuals but are present in normal people.

Some of these negative symptoms of schizophrenia are: –

Lack of emotional response 

This negative symptom of schizophrenia Lacks signs of emotions such as lack of facial expressions or restrictions or blank facial expressions showing neither sadness nor happiness.

Monotone voice 

In this negative symptom of schizophrenia lack eye contact, social withdrawal or depression such as being unaware of their surroundings and isolating themselves socially lack initiative or drive lacking self-care.

Motivation apathy 

In this a suffering person experience of emptiness and being unable to follow through with any plans

Cognitive symptoms of Schizophrenia

Cognitive symptoms of Schizophrenia are mentioned below:-

These are problems related to memory and concentration. These can include difficulty with concentration. Difficulty in understanding information and using it to decide and ability to use the information immediately after learning it.

Some of the schizophrenia cognitive symptoms are:

  • Poor concentration
  • Slow thinking
  • Disorganized thinking
  • Difficulty expressing thoughts
  • Difficulty understanding
  • Difficulty expressing thoughts
  • Poor memory
  • Difficulty integrating thoughts, feelings and behavior

Read more about what are the 5 types of schizophrenia & catatonic schizophrenia symptoms.

Q1 – Can schizophrenia be caused by drugs ?

Delusions and Hallucinations, Abolition and Hallucinations, Blunted effect and Delusions, Withdrawal and flat affect.

Q2 – Being disorganized is a symptom of what?

Disorganized is a symptom of Mental Illness.

Q3 -What are the Prodromal symptoms of schizophrenia?

Depression, sleep disturbances, mood swings, anxiety, irritability, anger, and even suicidal ideas come under prodromal symptoms.

Q4 – Difference between sign vs. symptom in schizophrenia.

In general words, signs can be seen by everyone while symptoms can be absorbed by someone who is facing it. Here is an example:
Sign- Social withdrawal, inappropriate or unusual behavior comes under sign
Symptom- Behavior changes, hallucinations, and disorganized thinking can come under symptoms.

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