People have been drinking different kinds of tea for hundreds of centuries for several good reasons. A variety of teas are proven to improve the body’s functions, including boosting the immune system, fighting off inflammation, and warding off heart disease and cancer. These, and more lasting impacts of the healthy drink, encourage people to drink wellness tea regularly.
There are many different types of brews, and each provides particular health advantages. Some brews may have more benefits than others, but there are plenty of studies to prove the positive influence of any tea variant. Below are the most popular teas and their corresponding health benefits.
Herbal teas are named as such because they contain a blend of herbs and spices, and sometimes fruits and other plants, in addition to the tea leaves. They do not contain any caffeine. Thus, they are known to have a calming effect on consumers. Herbal teas can be classified into subcategories, including chamomile tea, peppermint, ginger, hibiscus, and rooibos, among others.
Chamomile tea comes from daisy-like plants from the Asteraceae family. They help relieve muscle spasms and menstrual pain and reduce stress and improve sleep and relaxation. Peppermint tea contains menthol and can soothe stomach-related conditions like constipation and irritable bowel syndrome. The semi-spicy ginger tea treats chronic indigestion and helps fight morning sickness for pregnant women.
Hibiscus tea, made from the dried parts of its plant, is known to reduce blood sugar levels, lower blood pressure, and prevent hypertension. Many people drink this tea variant to stave off unhealthy cravings for sweets as well. Rooibos tea contains the fermented leaves of the Aspalathus linearis shrub. It improves blood circulation in the body, regulates cholesterol, and keeps the skin and hair healthy. It also provides relief from some allergies.
Green tea is one of the least processed tea variants, where leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant are heated by pan-frying (the Chinese method) or steamed (the Japanese method). Brewed green tea appears green, light brown, or yellow, and its flavour can be grass-like when fried and seaweed-like when steamed. A popular form of green tea is matcha, a fine green tea powder made from leaves grown in the shade. It contains more antioxidants than ordinary green tea.
Besides antioxidant properties, green tea is rich in flavonoids and helps boost heart health by lowering blood pressure and regulating cholesterol. More research shows this wellness tea has preventive effects against cancers in the breast, liver, prostate, and colon.
Black tea is made from Camellia sinensis, the same plant as green tea. But for black tea, the leaves are dried and fermented, creating a darker and richer-flavoured tea. Unlike other tea variants, black tea contains caffeine. A cup of this tea variant combats inflammation and boosts immune function. Furthermore, black tea provides health benefits without having to brew them. Consumers can simply steam and press them into minor cuts and bruises for pain relief.
Oolong tea uses the same Camellia sinensis plant as green and black tea. Green tea is barely oxidized, and black tea is oxidized until it turns dark. Oolong tea lies somewhere in the middle ground. It varies from 8% to 80% oxidation, depending on the tea maker’s preference.
It is known for containing the aminoacid I-theanine, which reduces anxiety and increases attention. The acid is also found to prevent other cognitive conditions like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. This semi-oxidized tea is also associated with lower risks of bad cholesterol levels and heart disease.